Somalia – Al Shabaab

15th March, 2015
The rise of Al Shabaab must be understood in terms of the recent history of Somalia since the overthrow of President Siad Barré in 1991, the total collapse of government and the ensuing period of instability that the country faced. When some fifteen years later in 2006, an alliance of local sharia law courts calling itself the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) eventually took some control of large areas of the country, it did so through its militant arm, Al Shabaab, and in return provided authority, safety and a certain justice system for the majority of the population where no central authority had returned.